Today we are continuing our deep dig into CBD, canabinoids & endocanabinoids, the main CBD Products
CBD products, oils & tinctures are made from both hemp & marijuana. The difference being oils made from hemp will have virtually no THC present, while oils made from Marijuana will.
CBD products, oils & tinctures are classified as full spectrum, broad spectrum or an isolate, depending on the purpose of the final product.
Full spectrum means it contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant, including CBD, THC, trace cannabinoids, terpenes, & essential oils. Full-spectrum extracts from hemp have a negligible THC content — below 0.3%, while extracts from marijuana will have different levels of THC depending on their purpose.
The full spectrum of the active compounds extracted from hemp work together to amplify the health benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This phenomenon is referred to as the entourage effect which I’ll explain below.
Broad-spectrum extracts also contain multiple cannabinoids, terpenes, & essential oils, they also produce the “entourage effect,” however all the THC has been removed.
CBD isolate is made by removing everything but the cannabidiol (CBD). The advantage of using CBD isolate is the high concentration of CBD per serving. Isolates are usually 99% pure, meaning that one gram of isolate powder carries about 990 mg of CBD. With isolates, there is no entourage effect.
What is this “entourage effect”? It refers to the synergy achieved by all the components in cannabis interacting together to enhance the potential benefits of the plant.
Now that we have sorted that out, next week I’ll sniff out how to decide which product is right for your good dog.
We’re continuing our exploration of CBD, cannabinoids & endocanabinoids. Today I’ll explain the three primary methods of extracting CBD cannabinoids from the plant.
The first method uses solvents like ethanol, butane, propane, isopropyl, or alcohol. It is one of the least expensive options & it’s also fast. But it’s also dangerous due to the highly flammable contents of the liquids.
To begin the liquid solvent process, flowers & plant trimmings are put into a container. Then the solvent is soaked or run through the material, drawing out the cannabinoids. Then the solvents are evaporated leaving the concentrated cannabinoids in an oil form. The downside of this method is that the solvent residue can be toxic if it’s not completely eliminated during the evaporation step.
The olive oil extraction process is the oldest method of extracting CBD. It’s the safest method & it’s simple to do. This process begins with the raw plant materials being heated to a desired temperature for a specific amount of time so that the chemicals in the plant are activated. Olive oil & the plant material are mixed & heated again. This is when the cannabinoids are extracted. The olive oil is not evaporated, so the resulting extract won’t be as concentrated as with other methods. Furthermore, its highly perishable & must be kept in a cool, dark area.
Finally, there is the CO2 method of extracting CBD. Its the most expensive & complex method. The CO2 extraction process is done by using a machine called a closed-loop extractor. This machine contains three chambers. The first one holds pressurized, solid CO2 or dry ice; the second chamber has dried plant material in it. The final chamber separates the resulting product.
From the first chamber, CO2 is pumped into the second chamber, which takes on the form of supercritical CO2 (in between a gas & liquid state). The supercritical CO2 then permeates the plant material & extracts the cannabinoids. It’s then pumped into the final chamber where the CO2 rises to the top. This leaves the extract at the bottom. This method produces the highest quality concentration of CBD with no toxic residue.
After extraction, the CBD oil is further refined & purified to create either a full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, or a CBD isolate. I will explain what those are next week.